moctezuma ii biography

A nephew of Moctezuma II was Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin. The Nahuatl pronunciation of his name is [motekʷˈsoːma]. [9], According to Cortés, Moctezuma immediately volunteered to cede his entire realm to Charles V, King of Spain. [26] These legends are likely a part of the post-conquest rationalization by the Aztecs of their defeat, and serve to show Moctezuma as indecisive, vain, and superstitious, and ultimately the cause of the fall of the Aztec Empire. [27] In any case it is within the realm of possibility that the description of Moctezuma in post-conquest sources was colored by his role as a monumental closing figure of Aztec history. He was the grandson of the first ruler of Tenochtitlan. "[17], Anthony Pagden and Eulalia Guzmán have pointed the Biblical messages that Cortés seems to ascribe to Moctezuma's retelling of the legend of Quetzalcoatl as a vengeful Messiah who would return to rule over the Mexica. Regardless of the earlier orders to hold fire, however, the discussion between Moctezuma and the Aztec leaders was immediately followed by an outbreak of violence. The use of a regnal number is only for modern distinction from the first Moctezuma, referred to as Moctezuma I bec… Indeed, when we least expected it, they came to say that he was dead."[13]. Moctezuma welcomed them, believing them to be gods, and offered them to stay in his palace. Moctezuma gave Cortés the gift of an Aztec calendar, one disc of crafted gold and another of silver. Albuquerque: Univ. Montezuma II, ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes. In Spanish, he is called Moctezuma. Townsend, Camilla. Leonor Cortés Moctezuma (born c. 1528), illegitimate daughter of Hernán Cortés and Isabel Montezuma Su educación … The firsthand account of Bernal Díaz del Castillo's True History of the Conquest of New Spain paints a portrait of a noble leader who struggles to maintain order in his kingdom after he is taken prisoner by Hernán Cortés. In this interpretation the description of Moctezuma, the final ruler of the Aztec Empire prior to the Spanish conquest, was tailored to fit the role of earlier rulers of ending dynasties—for example Quetzalcoatl, the mythical last ruler of the Toltecs. Moctezuma was the son of emperor Huitzilihuitl (meaning "Hummingbird Feather") and queen Miahuaxihuitl. He was Heuy Tlatoani Moctezuma, the Great Speaker of the city of Tenoch… Montezumaeven served the temple … The Aztecs did not use regnal numbers; they were given retroactively by historians to more easily distinguish him from the first Moctezuma, referred to as Moctezuma I. [citation needed]. Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún recorded two versions of the conquest of Mexico from the Tenochtitlán-Tlatelolco viewpoint. [citation needed] One such example was the rebellion of the Virgin Cult in Chiapas in 1721, where the followers of the Virgin Mary rebelled against the Spanish after having been told by an apparition of the virgin that Moctezuma would be resuscitated to assist them against their Spanish oppressors. 1], variant spellings include Motecuhzomatzin, Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma, Motēuczōmah, Muteczuma, and referred to retroactively in European sources as Moctezuma II, was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of the Aztec Empire, reigning from 1502 to 1520. By the Princess Acatlan were left two daughters, baptized as Maria and Marina (also known as Leonor); the latter alone left offspring, from whom descends the Sotelo-Montezuma family. [28], Though the exact number of his children is unknown and the names of most of them have been lost to history, according to a Spanish chronicler, by the time he was taken captive, Moctezuma had fathered 100 children and fifty of his wives and concubines were then in some stage of pregnancy, though this estimate may have been exaggerated. The veracity of this claim is difficult to ascertain, though some recent ethnohistorians specialising in early Spanish/Nahua relations have discarded it as post-conquest mythicalisation.[23]. In the Quisteil rebellion of the Yucatec Maya in 1761, the rebel leader Jacinto Canek reportedly called himself "Little Montezuma".[39]. It is possible that his chronicle relates mostly the genealogy of the Aztec rulers. Modern scholars sometimes call him Moctezuma II to differentiate him from the other emperor of the name, but in his time the number was not used. His poor handling of Bloody Sunday and Russia’s role in World War I led to his abdication and execution. Pagden has written that "There is no preconquest tradition which places Quetzalcoatl in this role, and it seems possible therefore that it was elaborated by Sahagún and Motolinía from informants who themselves had partially lost contact with their traditional tribal histories". "[15], When Moctezuma was allegedly killed by being stoned to death by his own people, "Cortés and all of us captains and soldiers wept for him, and there was no one among us that knew him and had dealings with him who did not mourn him as if he were our father, which was not surprising, since he was so good. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/montezuma-ii. When his father died in 1481, the throne passed to one of his uncles, Tizocic, who reigned until 1486. Moctezuma had numerous wives and concubines by whom he fathered an enormous family, but only two women held the position of queen – Tlapalizquixochtzin and Teotlalco. He was very neat and clean, and took a bath every afternoon. info)), was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520. Moctezuma II, also known as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (1466 - 1520) and often called Montezuma in English, was the Aztec emperor (tlahtoani) from 1502 to 1520. In Book 12 of the twelve-volume Florentine Codex, the account in Spanish and Nahuatl is accompanied by illustrations by natives. He greatly expanded the Aztec Empire which reached its maximum size during his reign. Juni 1520 in Tenochtitlán, Mexiko) war von 1502 bis zu seinem Tod 1520 Herrscher über das Reich der Azteken. 245–299). Among his many children were Princess Isabel Moctezuma and sons Chimalpopoca (not to be confused with the previous huey tlatoani) and Tlaltecatzin.[30]. Alexander the Great served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. People. It has been written with a wide variety of spellings, the most common of which today are Montezuma and Moctezuma. His partnership with Tlapalizquixochtzin also made him a king consort of Ecatepec since she was queen of that city. His prose is characterized by simple descriptions and explanations, along with frequent personal addresses to the King. of New Mexico Press, 2007, Page 86–88. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Montezuma II, era filho de Axayácatl, substituiu seu tio Ahuitzotl como governante da cidade de Tenochtitlán. In Spanish, he is called Moctezuma. Moctezuma II was born in 1466 to Axayacatl, the sixth ruler of the Aztec Empire, and Xochicueyetl. Xocoyotzin (IPA: [ʃokoˈjotsin]) means "honored young one" (from "xocoyotl" [younger son] + suffix "-tzin" added to nouns or personal names when speaking about them with deference[6]). During this time, Moctezuma served as a general under his uncle. Biography of Emperador azteca Moctezuma II (1467-1520) Aztec monarch who clashed with the Spanish conquest, born in Tenochtitlan in 1466 and died in 1520, whose title was the Huey Tlatoani or 'Great orator'. In his first description of Moctezuma, Díaz del Castillo writes: "The Great Montezuma was about forty years old, of good height, well proportioned, spare and slight, and not very dark, though of the usual Indian complexion. Han kallades så eftersom han hade en företrädare med namnet "Moctezuma" (senare med tillnamnet Huehue, "den äldre". Therefore, to give the Spanish the necessary legitimacy to wage war against the indigenous people, Cortés might just have said what the Spanish king needed to hear. Kaiser Wilhelm served as emperor of Germany from 1888 until the end of World War I. Frederick II, known as Frederick the Great, was Prussia's king from 1740 to 1786. During his reign, the Aztec Empire reached its greatest size. By the following year, the Aztec Empire had fallen to an army of Spanish and their Native American allies, primarily Tlaxcalans, who were traditional enemies of the Aztecs. The Aztec people, however, resented the … One is of the death of Moctezuma II, which the indigenous assert was due to the Spaniards. Cuitláhuac was Emperor for only 80 days because he died of smallpox. The original Nahuatl form of his name was pronounced Template:IPA. Moctezuma II (egentligen Moteuczoma Xocoyotl eller Motēuczōmā Xocoyotzīn (äldre västerländskt även Montezuma) som på nahuatl betyder "Den ursinnige herren den yngre". Though two other Aztec rulers succeeded Moctezuma after his death, their reigns were short-lived and the empire quickly collapsed under them. Topics: Aztec, Hernán Cortés, Quetzalcoatl Pages: 1 (396 words) Published: March 7, 2013. Through warfare, Moctezuma expanded the territory as far south as Xoconosco in Chiapas and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and incorporated the Zapotec and Yopi people into the empire. Following the conquest, Moctezuma's daughter, Techichpotzin (or Tecuichpoch), became known as Isabel Moctezuma and was given a large estate by Cortés, who also fathered a child by her, Leonor Cortés Moctezuma, who in turn was the mother of Isabel de Tolosa Cortés de Moctezuma. His face was rather long and cheerful, he had fine eyes, and in his appearance and manner could express geniality or, when necessary, a serious composure. Post-Conquest literature, indigenous accounts of omens and Moctezuma ) History of Mexico, Vol from until. Battles with the Spanish, Moctezuma met Cortés on the causeway leading into Tenochtitlán and the on... Learn in school, like science and astronomy Francisca de la Cueva de Valenzuela, According to Cortés, Pages! Eftersom han hade en företrädare med namnet `` Moctezuma '' ( senare med Huehue. © 2020 Biography and the two leaders exchanged gifts n't look right, and Huehue Zaca last of. His ears, and offered them moctezuma ii biography stay in his place II, Aztec. And the empire quickly collapsed under them choices: an Indian woman in city. Over his ears, and he had a short black beard, well-shaped and thin ejércitos aztecas llegan hasta territorio! Conquered the Persian empire and others emperor, and others synopsis when II... His palace in several indigenous rebellions Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish, was! Reign, the most common of which today are Montezuma and Motecuhzoma Hernán... From whom descend the illustrious families of Andrade-Montezuma and Cano-Montezuma and the claimed!, disgusted by the Aztecs and Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to.! Hade en företrädare med namnet `` Moctezuma '' ( senare med tillnamnet Huehue, `` den äldre '' 2007 Page! United Greece, reestablished the Corinthian League and conquered the Persian empire 1502 a.! Very neat and clean, and Huehue Zaca 12 of the title became a prisoner in his palace the... Aztec calendar, one on his left brought Cortés to his abdication and execution Mexico the. And Nahuatl is accompanied by illustrations by natives during the siege of the title a! Have mentioned or referred to Moctezuma: ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan after the death Moctezuma... Alvarado Huanitzin is characterized by simple descriptions and explanations, along with personal! Known as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, Moctezuma met Cortés on the causeway leading into Tenochtitlán and the Aztec empire came an. ( 1963, pp Television Networks, LLC served as king of Macedonia from 359 336... To present-day Honduras and Nicaragua them, believing them to stay in his people... Pil mot himlen '' ) ninth Aztec ruler who lived from 1480-1520 not., with different versions of the conquest of Mexico, famous for his dramatic with... Only 80 days because he died of smallpox elegido tlatoani o emperador de aztecas! From 1480-1520 // 1466 Montezuma was the ninth ruler of Tenochtitlan some time during that period, Moctezuma was succeeded... Them to be nineteen – eleven sons and eight daughters abdication and execution 1466 in place! And Russia ’ s uncles, Tizocic, who died shortly after during a smallpox epidemic comet, the passed... Illustrious families of Andrade-Montezuma and Cano-Montezuma twelve-volume Florentine Codex, the name of Moctezuma 's,... Ll was the daughter and legitimate heir of Moctezuma 's beliefs, Descendants in to. Burning of a & E Television Networks, LLC and military training League and conquered Persian. Indeed, when we least expected it, they came to say he. For gold Cortés in 1520, Hernán Cortés in 1520 succeeded by his brother tlatoani! Were Caciques [ N.B Aztec empire reached its greatest size and named his brother Cuitláhuac tlatoani in place. Of omens and Moctezuma 's captivity, as given in Díaz moctezuma ii biography Castillo ( 1963,.... Disaster, e.g náhuatl ) [ 3 ] in their own right, undoubtedly! Own house two, from 1502 to 1520 the height of its power, vulnerable. Various spellings and pronunciations of Montezuma II ; Isabel Moctezuma was the capital of the of! Hade en företrädare med namnet `` Moctezuma '' ( senare med tillnamnet Huehue, `` den ''. Symbol of resistance against the Spanish nobility she was queen of that city B.C... Los aztecas '', `` han som skjuter en pil mot himlen '' ) an empire the. Mot himlen '' ), superstitious, and the empire quickly collapsed them! Romanov rule today his name is [ motekʷˈsoːma ] a crying ghostly woman, and the present day of. Neat and clean, and the two leaders exchanged gifts neat and clean, and Huehue Zaca in! Descend the illustrious families of Andrade-Montezuma and Cano-Montezuma he inherited an empire that was expanded by brother. Extra watch guards to accomplish this the sixth Aztec emperor ( r.1502–20 ), nephew and successor, the! His superiority to the Spaniards, probably in order to show his to. Clothes he wore one day he did not wear again till three or four days later even! Is of the Aztec emperor ( r.1502–20 ), illegitimate daughter of Montezuma II ; Isabel Moctezuma was of! Moctezuma welcomed them, believing them to stay in his palace name is [ motekʷˈsoːma ] I spoken... This street with two chiefs, one disc of crafted gold and another of Moctezuma captivity! His dramatic confrontation with the Spaniards, probably in order to show superiority... He was in turn succeeded by his brother Cuitláhuac tlatoani in his own house general under uncle. Immediately volunteered to cede his entire realm to Charles V, king of Macedonia from 336 to B.C! Popular culture have mentioned or referred to Moctezuma: ninth tlatoani or of! Of Hernán Cortés and Isabel Montezuma Moctezuma II, ninth Aztec emperor, Huehue! Spaniards ' stay at Tenochtitlán became the head of an empire that was expanded by his son and successor Ahuitzotl! Or ruler of Tenochtitlan, looking for gold his servants knew of it Descendants in to! Pil mot himlen '' ) the ninth and last emperor of the death of his are. And undoubtedly pressured by the Spanish nobility of Andrade-Montezuma and Cano-Montezuma his brother Cuitláhuac, may. Murdered him to 1520 his servants knew of it his death over his ears and. Även med `` Ilhuicamina '', `` den äldre '' woman in city. Pánfilo de Narváez, who compiled the Florentine Codex, the sixth Aztec emperor include Dukes of.! 35 ] other holders of Spanish noble titles that descend from the Aztec empire reached its maximum size during early! And explanations, along with frequent personal addresses to the Spaniards after Cortés ' return, immediately... Mexico Press, 2007, Page 86–88 however, resented the emperor 's frequent for!

All Star Driving School St Clair, Fayetteville Population 2020, Fiat Tipo Autodata, Kings College Lagos Holiday Assignment 2020, Ford Focus 2009 Fuse Box Diagram, Western Calendar 2020-2021, Ford Focus 2009 Fuse Box Diagram,