zara class cruiser

The Zara Class Heavy Cruisers (Zara, Fiume, Gorizia and Pola) were the most armored heavy cruisers built up to that time and even later, very few classes of cruisers equaled or exceeded the Zara in protection. While originally commissioned by Spain in 1927 to revitalize its ageing pre-dreadnought fleet, the resulting design was eventually ordered by Italy as well as a one-off heavy cruiser that would later inspire the Udine-class. Sep 23, 2019 - Italian heavy cruiser "Fiume" was a Zara class cruiser. Discover (and save!) Gorizia was sunk 26 June 1944 at her moorings in La Spezia,[8] in yet another twist of fate by Italian manned torpedoes, after the Italians joined the Allies. Gorizia survived until she was taken over by the Germans after Italy left the war in 1943. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. This scheme followed, in fact, not quite a cruiser layout, but that of a small battleship. The class comprised the vessels Zara, Fiume, Gorizia, and Pola, the last of which was completed to a slightly different design. [3] In 1937, the aft 100 mm mounts were replaced by 37 mm/54 caliber Bredas[10] more useful for close defense, and in 1940, the 40 mm Vickers were replaced by 37 mm Bredas, also. The main deck was also very thick, 70 mm. (as built) 4 × 40mm/39 caliber Vickers-Terni Model 1915 (4x1)[5] AA [17], The ships saw no action during the war, owing in large part to the nature of the Adriatic campaign. guns, two 37 mm autocannon, and two 8 mm (0.31 in) machine guns. The solution was a new design, one combining the armament of the Trentos with the armour needed to protect them from similar French designs. However, overall anti-aircraft performance was not good, due to the slow tracking process and an inadequate fire control system, although the weapons were acceptable. You could also do … (1937) 8x37mm/54 caliber Breda[6]. The Torpedoversuchs-Kommission recommended a vessel with submerged torpedo tubes, a ram bow, deck and waterline belt armor, and two heavy gun turrets if it were possible to install them without compromising the ability of the ship to use its torpedoes effectively. [9] Each ship had a crew of 13 officers and 135 enlisted men. [9][11] Between 1898 and 1901, all four ships were re-boilered. [12], All three ships received several 47 mm (1.9 in) guns in the mid-1880s; these included a Hotchkiss revolver cannon on their bows and four single-barrel quick-firing guns. The Trentos had been designed to the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty, which stated that cruisers had to be 10,000 tons or less, and armed with 8-inch (200 mm) guns or smaller. Los cruceros pesados de la Clase Zara fueron una clase de cruceros construidos para la Regia Marina Italiana, entre finales de los años 20 y principio de los 30.Fueron considerados como uno de los mejores tipos de su categoría y diseño. Background on Zara Class Cruisers. She was 64.91 m (213 ft 0 in) overall and 57.2 m (188 ft) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 8.24 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in). 3D model. Media in category "Zara class cruiser" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. Sign in to disable ALL ads. The Piaggio P.6bis originally carried was later replaced by M.41s, CANT 25ARs, MF6s, and in 1938, by Ro.43s. The Zara class was a class of three torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in the late 1870s and early 1880s; they were the first large torpedo-armed warships built by Austria-Hungary. A contemporary investigation determined that it was the result of badly deteriorated chemicals in her torpedo warheads, though the naval historian René Greger reports that a mine was actually to blame. [citation needed] Four ships of the class were completed, Zara, Fiume, Pola and Gorizia, all of which saw extensive service during the war. Unable to increase the strength of the ironclad fleet, Pöck turned to less expensive means to defend Austria-Hungary's coastline, including development of naval mines and self-propelled torpedoes. R.N. [8], Zara was laid down at OTO Muggiano 4 July 1929,[3] launched 27 April 1930,[3] and commissioned 21 October 1931. Even a won battle might seriously deplete Italian naval strength, something they were not prepared to address through sheer numbers. [17] That year, Sebenico took part in the only significant period of fleet service, when she was sent to the island of Crete to participate in an international naval demonstration during Greco-Turkish War. The weight limitation made it impossible to design a ship with those guns and armour able to stop shells of the same caliber. your own Pins on Pinterest In 1897, Spalato became assigned to the artillery school, while Zara was recommissioned for use in the torpedo school. The boilers were ducted into a single funnel located amidships. Trentos had sacrificed armor for speed, allowing them to make high-speed dashes up and down the long Italian coastline, which would otherwise be difficult to defend from Italy's widely separated naval bases. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. [2][3], The Schiffbau-Kommission recommended building a ship with heavy armor to protect it from enemy fire, one or two 10-centimeter (3.9 in) guns in the bow, deck-mounted launchers for the Whitehead torpedoes, and towed torpedoes to be used defensively against ramming. Pöck pointed out that the ship should not include heavy guns, and that two 12 cm (4.7 in) guns without armor would be sufficient; the only armor the ship was to have was a curved protective deck. By 1901, man of these guns had been removed, leaving just two 12 cm guns, one 6.6 cm (2.6 in) gun, two 47 mm 44-cal. [11][15] In 1917, Zara's armament consisted of two 6.6 cm guns, four 47 mm 33-cal. After repairs were effected, she joined the harbor defense at Pola. She shared the light construction of her sisters and the improved technology of the Zaras. guns, one 47 mm 44-cal. 8 × 8-inch (203-mm) / 53 Model 1929 guns (4x2)[2][3] The class comprised three ships, Zara, Spalato, and Sebenico; the last vessel was built to a slightly different design, and is sometimes not counted as a member of the class. Formaban esta clase los buques: Zara… As a result, they saw very little active service, spending much of their careers in reserve. The removal of the superstructure made placement of radar difficult, and in the end none of the class would ever carry one. 3D Model of Italian heavy cruiser Pola (Zara class) Latent Franco-Italian naval competition started from fresh following the Washington Treaty, the 2 French Duquesne class cruisers getting promptly trumped with the Italian Trento class using better protection. 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Second Upgrade 4 Quotes 4.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 4.2 Seasonal Quotes 5 Notes 6 Trivia 7 CG 8 See Also Zara Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 36 (58) Armor 36 (54) Torpedo 0 (28) Evasion 33 (59) AA 18 (62) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 10 (36) Range Long Luck 10 (48) Resource Consumption Fuel 45 Ammo 60 Build Time … Detail and Conversion sets. Zieten proved to be fast and maneuverable, qualities that made her well-suited to training and development of the German torpedo warfare arm. © Valve Corporation. Specifications for Zara class. This would prove to be a fatal omission. They were equipped with the 203 mm/L53 (8 in) guns of 25 tonnes each[5] and were fitted in pairs in Ansaldo turrets. ZARA was the lead ship of 4 Zara class italian cruisers. [6], The first two ships of the Zara class—Zara and Spalato—were 62.71 meters (205 ft 9 in) long overall and 55 m (180 ft) long between perpendiculars. Alternatively, if submerged tubes could not be made to work on the broad side, the ship should include two deck-mounted launchers with at least five torpedoes apiece, four heavy guns, and a speed sufficient just to keep pace with the ironclads of the main fleet. They argued that an attempt to build what they described as a "universal battle-ship" (i.e., the Schiffbau-Kommission's first proposal) was ill-advised, since torpedoes were still in the developmental phase and a vessel of that type would be expensive and risky, considering the limited budgets of the time. Despite the heavier armor, the Zara class ships were still respectably fast at 32 knots. 199x | New tool + Actions Stash. Intended to reach a speed of at least 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph), none of the vessels were able to steam that fast. The launchers would be supplied with six torpedoes each. [6] All these guns were reasonably modern, especially at their time, even if not outstanding performers. [10], The ships were modified extensively in an attempt to rectify their machinery problems. Zara was transferred from Cattaro Bay to Pola in June 1917, but while en route, suffered a serious explosion that caused significant damage to her bow. The Zara-class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the early 1930s, considered by many to be one of the best cruiser designs of World War II. [citation needed] Four ships of the class were completed, Zara, Fiume, Pola and Gorizia, all of which saw extensive service during the war. Sebenico instead had a single bow-mounted torpedo tube in her bow, submerged below the waterline. Zara-class heavy cruiser, Zara! The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. Spalato reached a speed of 12.63 knots (23.39 km/h; 14.53 mph) from 1,370 PS (1,350 ihp), while Sebenico made 12.81 knots (23.72 km/h; 14.74 mph) from 1,598 PS (1,576 ihp). Select Language Site search Donate Site search Donate The lead ship of the class, Zara, was laid down in July 1929. A suggestion was made to await developments in torpedo technology and to incorporate the weapons into the next ironclad that they could secure funding from Parliament to build. Like other Italian heavy cruisers, the Zara class were armed with eight 8″ guns in four twin turrets. [5] The result was excellent watertight integrity and protection.[9]. In addition to the primary armour scheme, there was secondary armour: the upper deck was 20mm, and the flank hull above main belt was 30 mm. guns, and one 37 mm gun. They fought in the pacific and the Mediterranean: Perth participated in the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941, joined the pacific and was lost in action at the Battle of Sunda Straitin early 1942 (Guadalcanal). Sign in to disable ALL ads. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, pointed out that such a vessel would have to be very large to allow it to reach high enough speeds for it to be able to use torpedoes effectively. The Zaras shared their main armament with the last of the three Trentos, the Bolzano. Several other innovations, such as more powerful boilers improved Bolzano’s design. Sebenico returned to active service in 1893, alternating between sea duty with the training squadron and harbor service as a training ship for engine-room personnel. They had a beam of 8.22 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in). The design was prepared by Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, after a leng… The design was prepared by Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, after a lengthy design process throughout the 1870s. With these traits together, Bolzano cut through the waves at a top spee… Romako based his design on the German Zieten, though the German vessel was significantly faster than the Zara class, in part owing to the fact that Zieten had a longer, finer hull and was more lightly built. There were only two 113 kg (250 lb) bombs, launched at low altitude, but they pierced the hull and almost sank the ship. The torpedo tubes were located singly, two in the bow and at either beam in deck-mounted launchers. [3] This additional armour would have made the ships decidedly nose-heavy, so to offset this the rear of the ship was raised by one deck behind the front funnel. Cruiser Zara-class, Pola type. After Pola (in company with Fiume and Zara, serving as escort to the battleship Vittorio Veneto) was hit by a torpedo from a TSR Swordfish from Formidable, which stopped her, the rest of the 1st Division (at this time Gorizia was in reserve) ran in to protect her. Dibangun sebagai flagship artinya dia dibangun dengan bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya. guns, four 47 mm 44-cal. The gun layout was identical, but it adopted the improved, high-caliber 203mm gun of the Zaras. The ship would be capable of a speed of at least 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) from a twin-screw propulsion system, and it would not be equipped with a sailing rig. 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