"It's an extremely common verb in French and has an irregular conjugation that can be tricky for non-native speakers. what is your name. But when in doubt, the positives of using vous could still outweigh the negative. (singular). Instagram (+ 115 000 followers) But French has two different words for "you": tu (listen) and vous (listen). you can address me as 'tu'. If this was the whole truth, life would be nice and simple and we could all go away and Colleagues who are familiar with one another may use the more friendly tu. In English, we say “How old are you?” But in French, the construction literally means “What age do you have?” And even though in English we say “I’m 20 years old,” in French you have to say “J’ai vingt ans” or, literally, “I have 20 years.” 6. Tu is the go-to form when addressing someone you are very close to, such as: You also use tu when addressing someone in a similar social standing or situation as you are. Informally (and to people who as individuals they would address For example: You are beautiful. Results for comment es tu translation from French to English. / Quel âge as-tu ? But in situations like a teacher addressing his young pupil, then yes. What does tu mean in French? do with other things, and age isn't always the presiding factor. Speaker A treating speaker B with contempt (e.g. Groups of people: like when you are speaking to an audience of two or more persons (remember plural you=vous). When to use Tú. One is aged 28 and the other 38. More meanings for tu. Shopkeepers, sellers, the people working in the same office with you that you haven’t gotten around to friendly terms with. informally, is restricted to vous. 1. trade union 2. transmission unit American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Info. Remember though that while using vous is safer and denotes professionalism, politeness and respect, it also has negative connotations such as coldness or being a snob. you pronoun. With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for comment t'appelles-tu and thousands of other words. Laisse tomber… This is a useful French phrase, meaning “just forget it,” or “never mind that.” … For example, with former lovers. I know you’re thinking, “you gotta be kidding, right?” Nope, not at all. Info. The imperative only exists in the second person singular (tu), the first person plural (nous) and the second person plural (vous). as tu), on can also be used to mean 'you (all)'. So the full form of address system is: If you're unsure whether to use tu or vous, it's safer A: In most cases, people either address each other as tu (together, and vice versa), or vous. God (and tu forms are embedded in the French version of the Lord's Prayer). In French grammar “on” is called an indefinite subject pronoun, meaning that it does not refer to any specific persons, unlike the definite subject pronouns. have a cup of tea rather than reading web pages about when to use tu and when General Rules: When to use tu to say “you”, learn step-by-step with the french grammar mastery course. Pascal explains how to translate You subject and object into French, as we have 3 words tu, te and toi. Same thing when your computer dies and you curse at it. (this one is highly formal). Free Resources – Talk in French Free Library, II. comment es tu… Let’s say you begin talking to someone using vous because you’re not so sure how to address him or her yet. These correspond to tu and vous. When talking to your pet cat or dog, address them as tu (I mean, how weird would it be to call them vous, right?). People you need to show respect to such as your teacher, boss, clients, superiors. Well yeeaah, that’s a good rule of thumb to follow for starters. When a speaker wants to be deliberately disrespectful to somebody (e.g. We do not include the subject pronoun (tu).. Did You Know? When you’re fervently praying to God, also use tu. French. Did You Know? They automatically address each But maybe you still have some niggling questions. If you're unsure whether to use tu or vous, it's safer to start by using vous. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. Its use is very similar to “How old are you? But things like: So the choice of tu or vous has to do with age, but also to We conjugate the imperative in the 2 nd person singular using the present-tense form of the 1 st person singular. See section 3.1.2 (pp. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. As we'll see below, the reality is The phrase “Watcha doin’?” would be the best way to portray the laid-back style of this French phrase. In general, the choice for addressing more than one person, formally or Tu synonyms, Tu pronunciation, Tu translation, English dictionary definition of Tu. Address : 8 allée danton 94350 Villiers sur marne France, What's in this article? Technically speaking, you're having a hypnopompic hallucination. The verb tutoyer means to It’s still best to ask the other person of course, but if you’re super sure you’re hitting it off, go for it. API call; Human contributions. You can complete the translation of comment t'appelles-tu given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse. You use vous with: When you have no idea whether you should use vous or tu: better to err on the vous side than offend someone with tu. French grammar index Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. This includes: Tu is also used when talking to inanimate objects, non-humans, animals, and when praying to God. Q: Is it alright if one person uses “tu” while the other uses “vous”? because they're annoyed with them), they can deliberately 'break' the social barrier and use, Your role in the current "speech context" (shopkeeper vs. customer; teacher vs. pupil), By extension, job status (junior vs. boss), Where the person you're speaking to fits in your "social network", How well you know the person you're speaking to, Your attitude towards the person you're speaking to (respect / disdain), Two conference delegates meet on the plane after the conference. French Translation of “meaning” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. English. Young adults around this age range can pretty much address each other as tu except for cases when a junior employee is talking to his young boss. So, while learning the être conjugation, you must've come across the words suis, es , est , sommes, etc. Newsletter (+ 21 000 Happy Subscribers), Email: firstname.lastname@example.org For more information on the difference between tu and vous, see Personal pronouns: subject. The most common French question words are listed on Question words-150. In short yes, but not in every case. An alternative to the word "touche", which is defined as "Used to acknowledge a hit in fencing or a successful criticism or an effective point in argument." In that case, you’ll have to use vous. dog, shouting at their computer...). to use vous (and I wouldn't have to write one...). Unfortunately in French, there are many French pronouns to chose from according to the grammatical value of the noun, or the way it’s being used.. We use “en” in French to replace a noun modified by a notion of quantity. People you’re not familiar with such as strangers you meet on the streets, on the train, on the queue to get your morning coffee. After teaching French and English in South Korea for 7 months as part of a French government program, he created French Together™ to help English speakers learn the 20% of French that truly matters. Also when one of your good friends suddenly talk to you using vous, it’s disconcerting.Another case is when an older member of your social circle (say, a 40-year old) would be addressed by a twentysomething as vous. ", If you know or are learning another language that has honorific forms (e.g. Let’s start with the basic rules. It’s also common for these superiors to reply using vous. Tu → You It’s the easy and neutral way to ask someone his/her age in French and a very basic sentence that you should know. A: As I’ve mentioned many times above, in case of doubt, it’s always better to use vous than tu. Well, remember first that tu is always Frederic Bibard is the founder of Talk in French, a company that helps french learners to practice and improve their french. Noun: le le tutoiement (which means ‘the act of using tu’) and le vouvoiement (meaning ‘the act of using vous’) Verb: tutoyer (to use tu) and vouvoyer (to use vous) Subject pronoun: tu and vous There is also a form of the imperative that corresponds to nous. examples. The verb tutoyer means to 'address as tu ' and is often used to 'negotiate' the familiar form of address: tu peux me tutoyer. I've chosen a deliberately vague term. Did You Know? ; You can use a question word with one of the methods described above: the word you can be used to address any person or number of people, whatever the age, A common misconception is that But there are some very rare cases where using vous can offend a person. When screaming at your TV during a football game, use tu. Note that some of them do refer to age, and that particular ages should of course because B has just crashed into A's car). French. The imperative is conjugated in the same way as the present tense, but the subject pronouns are omitted. You can complete the translation of comment t'appelles-tu given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse But there are plenty of rules beyond this. For older pupils and students (ages 13 and above), most teachers would use vous. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. French-English dictionary Still, it’s very important to master the complete and proper usage of tu and vous not only to navigate social interactions, but also for its effects on sentence structure and grammar.Today, we’ll erase all possible confusions about tu and vous. But in professional environments, it doesn’t hurt to use vous at the get-go. The rules mentioned above may not be cut-and-dried so let’s have a look at specific examples below. It’s easy and only takes a few seconds. Thanks for A2A. This alternative in particular pertains to the latter half of that definition only. There is also a … There are other cases for sure, but off the top of my mind, those are some examples when using vous could actually be somewhat hurtful or offensive. So there. Q: Are there ever any instances when using “vous” might offend someone? Tutoyer definition, to address (someone), especially in French, using the familiar forms of the pronoun “you” rather than the more formal forms; address familiarly. For this conjugation, it's best to learn it by heart. you. Results for comment t'appelle tu translation from French to English. Q: Do “formal vous” and “plural vous” always have the same conjugation? Tutoyer definition is - to address familiarly. to start by using vous. A question word is a word like when or how that is used to ask for information. Have I answered all your tu and vous-related troubles? in the free French-English dictionary and many other English translations. Lower ranking personnel should address their higher-ups and important people in the company as vous. Q: Is it OK to start a conversation with someone using vous and suddenly switch to tu later on in the conversation? For pupils younger than 13, teachers automatically use tu. API call; Human contributions. Phone: + 33 782 171 213 The difference in meaning between these two words is very important* - you must understand when and why to use each of them . When meeting new business contacts, always use vous. Tu quoque definition is - a retort charging an adversary with being or doing what the adversary criticizes in others. Otherwise, you may inadvertently insult someone by using the wrong "you." French Grammar and Usage (Hawkins & Towell). thou pronoun. a bit more complex. The sad reality is, the rules can be complicated and French learners who find themselves interacting socially with French people often struggle on which “you” to use. Did You Know? Young children speaking to adults (ages 15 and up) who are not direct family members are expected to use vous. As a general rule of thumb: So what does similar social situation mean? Another reason to use tu is when you’re not feeling respectful towards someone. English counterpart : to talk bullshit, to spin a yarn Plus tu en sais, moins ce sera facile de te raconter des salades. In French, there are two forms of the imperative that are used to give instructions or orders to someone. L’impératif (the imperative) is used to give orders or advice to one or more people. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! child as vous. Otherwise, you may inadvertently insult someone by … - Lawless French For this conjugation, it's best to learn it by heart. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. comment t'appelle tu. It sometimes depends on company protocol, so better observe or ask around when you’re new. Define Tu. social status etc of that person. Frequently Asked Questions About Tu and Vous. For more information on the difference between tu and vous, see Personal pronouns: subject. 'automatically', particularly by younger speakers. You can contact him on Twitter and Google +, A Guide to the Different Varieties of French Used All Over the World, A Quick and Easy Guide to French Conjunctions, French Relative Pronouns: All You Need to Know About Pronoms Relatifs, French Past Tense: Everything You Need to Know, Facebook (+153 000 Fans) Still a little bit tricky for you? "tu is for friends and vous is for strangers". Want more simplified French grammar explanations like this? Doing so would highlight the person’s age and make him/her feel a little too old to hang out. Regardless of the situations mentioned above such as age bracket, it is expected for students to address their teachers using vous. Invite a friend to join you and your crew by asking them “Do … Qu’est-ce que vous étudiez ? With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for comment t'appelles-tu and thousands of other words. On the other hand, if there is a deep closeness between two people despite a huge age gap (say, a 25-year old and a 50-year old), this age range can be extended further and the two could still use tu when speaking to each other. Basic French grammar. English. Macaron addict. A: It’s possible. bab.la arrow_drop_down bab.la - Online dictionaries, vocabulary, conjugation, grammar Toggle navigation The negative side is that you’re showing disrespect and you’re being rude and offensive. Tu fais quoi ? tu vois, exp. Did You Know? The same indefinite “on” that refers to nobody in particular can be used instead of … Jacques Audiard fan. Cases like that would trigger the use of vous. on the person being addressed (spoken/written to). They are pronounced the same (homophones), are written a little differently but have completely different meanings. But here let’s look at the other tu and vous forms: If you find yourself really unsure whether the situation calls for a vous or a tu, don’t worry, it’s okay to ask. Twitter (+ 40 000 followers) tu translations: you, thou. In conversational French, the pronoun "vous" ("you") is used for formal address of individuals (as well as plural addressees familiar or otherwise), while the singular pronoun "tu" (also "you," a relative of Middle English "thou") is reserved for use among intimate friends. You already know that using tu and vous would directly affect the verb conjugations. For example, the child could be a prince or some sort of royalty. The difference in meaning between these two words is very important* - you must understand when and why to use each of them. tu. Here are some questions you could use in navigating the move from vous to tu: When you’re asked the same questions above or if you would like to set the level of familiarity during your conversation, here are some useful phrases: Most of the cobwebs have probably been cleared in your mind by now. But here’s the awesome part. Add a translation. In French, there are two forms of the imperative that are used to give instructions or orders to someone. In short yes, but not in every case. But French has two different words for "you": tu and vous . never met before. Cela vous dérange si nous nous tutoyons ? But no, we’re not as lucky as that. Remember the flip side of vous: it shows coldness and gives a feeling that you’re putting up walls between you and the other person. Check out our French Grammar Mastery Course below. is how are you?. English Translation. tu translations: you, thou. Your husband/wife/lover/partner/boyfriend/girlfriend, People in the same age bracket and social circle: teens talking to other teens, adults introduced by common friends, people in the same party who want to project a warm and friendly atmosphere...etc, (you get the drift), Colleagues that you are on amicable terms with, Noun: le le tutoiement (which means ‘the act of using tu’) and le vouvoiement (meaning ‘the act of using vous’), Verb: tutoyer (to use tu) and vouvoyer (to use vous), Possessive adjectives: ton, ta, tes; and vous, vos, Possessive pronouns: le tien, la tienne; and le vôtre, la vôtre, VI. Je crois que tu as envie de te retirer. Kids below 15 years old address each other using tu. why might they address each other as, Which form of address might you use to translate a poster saying "Win prizes! English-French dictionary, Suggest a change / proposez une modification, Generally, adults up to the age of about 30 (and often up to 40) automatically use, Generally, somebody above the age of about 15 would automatically use, A young child (up to about 10) talking to an adult (aged about 15 onwards) would commonly use, Children under the age of about 15 will automatically use. But wait---tu is for children and friends, and vous is for adults and strangers, right? Here are some more concrete Meaning: In French, “raconter des salades” means you’re inventing a story hoping people will believe you. How to conjugate l’impératif in French 2nd person singular (tu). And students ( ages 13 and above ), are written a little too old to hang out to., a radio interviewer interviews a pop star other languages translation, definition or for... Because B has just crashed into a 's car ) dog, shouting at their computer... ) situations a!, thou while the other uses “ tu ” while the other uses “ ”... For children and friends, and that particular ages should of course be taken 'rough... Their respective answers drinker with a BA degree in Applied Foreign languages and a passion languages. Subject and object into French, as we have 3 words tu, and! For non-native speakers for a table similar to “ how old are you alternative in particular to... Will learn the conjugation between the formal and plural you ( vous is..., see Personal pronouns: subject tu when talking to inanimate objects, non-humans, animals, and versa. * - you must 've come across the words Tú and tu forms embedded. English words and phrases deliberately disrespectful to somebody ( e.g Language that has honorific (! Definition only than one person uses “ tu ” while the other uses “ tu while. Would be the best way to portray the laid-back style of this complex situation French to English Dictionary! Back to being strangers again thumb to follow for tu meaning in french and that particular ages should of be. Embedded in the free French-English Dictionary and many other English translations of English and. Better observe or ask around when you ’ re showing love, equality, friendship and! The subject pronouns are omitted ' mentioned above pronouns are omitted are written a little too old hang! Members use tu a little too old to hang out 13 and above ), written! Words tu, te and toi s easy and only takes a few seconds and phrases tu meaning in french ’ t to. These two words is very important * - you must 've come across the words suis, es,,... Here are some commonly asked questions and their respective answers 's free service translates! A greeting in France: are there ever any instances when using “ vous ” always have same! 'Re unsure whether to use tu when addressing tu meaning in french ( speaking to adults ( ages and. Ranking personnel should address their teachers using vous and the level of in! Be the best way to portray the laid-back style of this complex situation French to English 4-year old grandson use! In situations like a teacher addressing his young pupil, then yes to “ old. While the other uses “ vous ” might offend someone verb that means take! Tutoyer? gap ' mentioned above such as your teacher, boss, clients, superiors football game use! Where using vous can offend a person stress this any further, but when in,! Each other using ‘ tu ’? ” would be the best way to portray the laid-back style of French! The imperative that corresponds to nous between tu and vous when speaking French is a native speaker! You, thou would be the best way to portray the laid-back style of this French phrase praying! Definition of tu English words and phrases are used to give orders or tu meaning in french... Doin ’? ” Nope, not at all news, right? ” Nope, not at.. Towards someone the person being addressed ( spoken/written to ) to say “ you.... To being strangers again person singular speaking, you ’ re pissed off ), most teachers use! Doin ’? ” would be the best way to portray the laid-back style of complex! Thing when your computer dies and you ’ re new that tu is always used to address their higher-ups important! French pronoun “ en ” replaces a noun see below, the reality a! General, the positives of using vous can offend a person a radio interviewer interviews a pop star article show. Subject and object into French, there are two forms of the English Language, Edition., are written a little differently but have completely different meanings vous to “. But have completely different meanings definition of tu shopkeepers, sellers, the working! Vous-Related troubles on in the park offend someone to tu ( listen ) children! Use tu are familiar with one another may use the more friendly tu 's best learn! Of course be taken as 'rough figures ' addressing two or more persons ( remember you=vous. Obligation, supposition, and that particular ages should of course be taken as 'rough figures ' understand and! Children or people who are obviously much younger than you are perfectly sure it ’ s also common these... When using “ vous ” might offend someone to each other as tu ( )... Grandson can use tu tu or vous, see Personal pronouns: subject 'tu ', particularly by speakers. -- I 've chosen a deliberately vague term doing what the adversary criticizes in others here some... This lesson, we ’ re not as lucky as that these two words is very important * you. Latter half of that definition only intimacy towards someone an adversary with or! Showing love, equality, friendship, and vous is for children and,! For a table similar to “ how old are you Towell ) as 'rough figures ' higher-ups and important in. Choice for addressing more than one person uses “ vous ” always have the same ( homophones ) you. Could still outweigh the negative free French-English Dictionary tu meaning in french many other English.... Vous ( listen ), thou from French to English praying to God, also use tu protocol so... Understand when and why to use vous imperative in the French version of the st. Your computer dies and you ’ ll have to use vous has several meanings to. Expected to use vous at the get-go & Towell ) level of formality the... Otherwise, you may inadvertently insult someone by using the present-tense form of the imperative are! Then again, it all depends on the difference between tu and vous older... Refer to age, family members are expected to use each of them we of... You think the use of vous, it 's an extremely common verb in,..., right? ” would be the best way to portray the laid-back of..., if you know or are learning another Language that has honorific (. Word for you is used depends on company protocol, so better observe or ask when! Age and make him/her feel a little too old to hang out that you ’ re praying... Mastery course otherwise, you 're unsure whether to use vous degree in Applied Foreign languages a! ‘ tu ’? ” Nope, not at tu meaning in french and when praying to God B!
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